A429 Barford Bypass, Warwickshire, United Kingdom
The A429 Barford bypass is a project which has saved a historic village from the further ravages of traffic. For many years the A429 carried heavy traffic, such as supermarket supply lorries, through the village and over the Grade II listed Barford bridge which was constructed in the 1700s.
The 2.1km single carriageway bypass was a scheme that was welcomed by the villagers who wanted to preserve their peaceful lifestyle and not have to contend with horrendous traffic congestion and lorries. In these days of ever-increasing traffic on the roads, this is probably a similar story among other villages in the UK.
The bypass opened officially on 14 May 2007, although the road had been open to public traffic from February 2007. The road was completed three months ahead of schedule.
Councillor Marion Hayward of the joint parish council and resident of Barford, said: "The new bypass scheme has certainly made a difference to the amount and type of traffic through the village. There is now only 12% of the previous amount of traffic on Bridge Street crossing the old bridge.
Construction of the A429 Barford bypass began properly in February 2006. The £10.38m project consisted of:
- A realignment of road from the A429 previously going through the village of Barford
- The construction of a tie-in junction to the north of the village to join with the new bypass
- The construction of 2.1km of new single carriageway
- Three embankments
- Four pre-cast concrete box flood culverts and a flood culvert under the existing A429 causeway
- A new four-span steel beam and concrete deck bridge crossing over the River Avon (sections lifted into place with a 500t crane provided by Ainscough Crane Hire)
Construction work started with the building of an embankment north of the river. This was done early in the project so settlement could occur prior to the final stages. The next stage involved construction of culvert units and the bridge deck beams, and also the foundation work (piling).
Work also included the excavation of a flood compensation scheme because of the embankments in the flood plain and a landscaping scheme.
The project was instigated by Warwickshire County Council (CC). The piling work for the new bridge was carried out by Bachy Soletanche, with a £210,000 contract completed in July 2006. This work involved the construction of 104 piles that had to support two abutments and three bridge piers.
Piles were all 750mm in diameter and were set to depths of between 11m and 12.7m. The pile 'cage' design was provided by Warwickshire CC but due to loading issues on the foundations the design was modified by Bechy Soletanche.
The main contractor for the project was Galliford Try Construction plc (now Morrison Construction). The main civil engineering sub-contractors for the bypass project were Rowecord Engineering Limited, Deecon Civils and J&T McCaferty.