M74 Motorway Completion, United Kingdom
The M74 motorway completion involves an 8km (5mi) long motorway link, connecting the M74 motorway at Fullarton Road near Carmyle to the M8 motorway west of Kingston Bridge. The extension passes south and east of Glasgow, Rutherglen and Cambuslang.
The extension link was built as part of Scotland's transportation improvement investments. The project is expected to improve the transport links in western Scotland to other parts of Scotland. It will reduce traffic congestion and the average amount of road accidents each year. It will also create new jobs across western Scotland.
The motorway extension link plays a vital role in the Clyde Gateway regeneration, a project aimed at developing the communities in western Glasgow.
It is also an important part of the transportation development for the Common Wealth, games which will be conducted in Scotland in 2014.
The M74 extension design
The extension link begins near Carmyle and crosses the brownfield and industrial sites of Cambuslang, Rutherglen, Polmadie and Eglinton and finally joins the M8 at Tradeston.
It includes three four-way junctions at Fullarton Road (junction 2a), Cambuslang Road (junction 1) and Polmadie Road (junction 1a). There will also be a two-way junction at Kingston.
The extension road will be linked to the carriageways of the westbound M8 motorway at Kingston Bridge. The northbound to the M74 and westbound will lead to the outer carriageways of the M8.
Construction of the M74 extension
Construction on the motorway link began in May 2008 and was completed by June 2011.
A total of 500 concrete beams were used in the motorway link. Around eight miles of stone columns were used. The construction work also involved 280,000 tons (t) of pavement and 24,000t of low noise surfacing.
Around 24mi of drainage and culvert works were completed. A total of 70,000m3 of structural concrete and 24,000t of structural steel was used for the construction.
The Glasgow to Edinburgh route witnessed 100mi of piling works. Around 166mi of vertical drains and 500mi of drilling works were completed.
About 2.5mt of fill material was utilised in the embankments. About 65,000t of recycled materials sourced from nearby sources and 500,000t of recycled materials collected during demolition works were utilised as filling materials.
The eastern section included the M8 / M74 eastbound viaduct and a number of bridges such as the Cambuslang Road Underbridge, Farmeloan Road Underbridge, Fullarton Roundabout West / East Bridge, Auchenshuggle Bridge and Glasgow Road Underbridge.
Construction of the M8 / M74 eastbound viaduct began in August 2008 and was completed by Spring 2010.
Construction of the Cambuslang Road Underbridge was initiated in November 2008 and completed by the end of 2009. The work on Glasgow Road Underbridge was completed in early 2010.
Farmeloan Road Underbridge was constructed between June 2008 and Spring 2010. Construction of Fullarton Roundabout West Bridge and Fullarton Roundabout East Bridge was completed in Autumn 2010.
Auchenshuggle Bridge (Clyde Crossing) construction began in May 2009 and was completed in the first quarter of 2011.
The western section included the westbound viaduct, Rutherglen Station Underbridge, Port Eglinton Viaduct, Cathcart Road Overbridge and Polmadie Road Underbridge.
Work on M8 / M74 westbound viaduct was initiated in September 2008 and completed by summer 2009.
Construction of the Rutherglen Station Underbridge was completed in Autumn 2010. Strathbungo Rail Underpass was built in the last quarter of 2010.
Work on Cathcart Road Overbridge was initiated in July 2008 and completed by Spring 2011.
Foundations of the Polmadie Road Underbridge were laid in early 2008 and the construction was completed by Spring 2011.
Contractors playing a part in the project
The £445m ($695m) contract for the M74 motorway completion was awarded to the Interlink M74 joint venture in March 2008. The joint venture partners include Balfour Beatty, Morgan Est, Morrison Construction and Sir Robert McAlpine.
Cementation Skanska performed the ground engineering stabilisation scheme.
Financing the M74 motorway completion
The M74 motorway completion was estimated to cost £657m ($1.02bn) including the costs of land acquisition, works and construction. Land acquisition was completed at a cost of £200m ($312m).
Around 87.35% of the estimated cost was funded by the Scottish government and the remaining amount was financed by Glasgow City, South Lanarkshire and Renfrewshire Councils.