St Croix River Crossing is a new four-lane bridge that replaced the 80-year-old Stillwater Lift Bridge, which connects Oak Park Heights, Minnesota and St Joseph, Wisconsin, US.

The project included the construction of seven miles (11.26km) of expressways on either side of the bridge in Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Stillwater Bridge will be converted into a 4.7-mile (7.5km) trail facility for pedestrians and bicyclists.

Construction of the river crossing began in May 2013 and was completed in August 2017. The Minnesota Department of Transportation played a lead role in the project in partnership with the Wisconsin Department of Transportation.

The bridge was initially planned to be opened for traffic by the end of 2016, but due to confined spaces and complex work related to pre-cast segments, the inauguration was held in August 2017.

Purpose of replacing Stillwater Bridge

The raising of the 1,050ft-long Stillwater Bridge to allow boats to travel across St Croix River often causes traffic congestion in Stillwater and Houlton, Wisconsin. The bridge is also prone to flooding in spring.

The project will avoid flooding and large traffic congestion issues that are often caused by the existing bridge.

St Croix crossing design and features

The St Croix crossing is the second extra-dosed, cable-stayed bridge in the US after the Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge in Connecticut.

The new structure features a hybrid design comprising a concrete box girder and a cable-stayed structure. It included the construction of ramp bridges from Highway 95 to the river crossing and vice-versa, as well as a box girder approach bridge on Highway 36 and a connecting structure between the river bridge and Highway 36 approach bridge.

The bridge deck consists of a crossbeam, pier table and driving surface constructions. Each crossbeam is 116.4ft-long, 15.2ft-wide and 18.2ft-high.

A total of 330 pre-cast segments were trucked from the on-site casting yard to the bridge areas. An additional 650 pre-cast segments were barged to the river bridge from Grey Cloud Island casting yard in Cottage Grove.

The bridge is lower in height, which minimises environmental impacts by keeping tower heights below the river bluffs and also reduces the number of piers in the river to five.

St Croix crossing construction

Columbia River Crossing (CRC) was the replacement of the 90-year-old Interstate-5 bridge, which spans from SR500 in Vancouver, Washington to Victory Boulevard in Portland, Oregon.

An official ground-breaking was held for the river crossing project in May 2013. All works on the bridge foundations and footings below the water surface were completed in 2013. Construction work on all five pier locations began in June 2014.

Installation work of pre-cast river bridge segments and tower construction at pier nine in Minnesota shoreline and tower construction at Pier 12 in Wisconsin shoreline were completed in 2015.

Construction of the bicycle and pedestrian trail began in 2015 and will be completed by 2019.

Contractors involved

Architectural and engineering firm HDR in association with Buckland & Taylor was awarded a $14.2m contract in June 2012 to provide lead design services for the St Croix Bridge project.

The Lunda-Ames joint venture was awarded the $332.5m lead construction contract of the St Croix Bridge superstructure in November 2013.

J & L Steel and Electrical Services were contracted to install the reinforcing steel, post-tension and electrical materials on the superstructure of the St Croix crossing in February 2014.

Aggregate Industries was awarded the contract to provide pre-cast bridge girders.


The estimated cost of the river crossing bridge was approximately $646m and was financed by Minnesota and Wisconsin, with the former funding the majority.